Tuesday, May 26, 2009

Photographic Composition

Photographic Composition 101

Filed under: Professional Photos — Editorial at 12:01 am on Monday, May 25, 2009

Photographic Composition 101
By Don Paulson

Rule #1: "Don't follow everyone else's rules about photography".  It's good to know and understand the basic principles of composition and how you can apply them. But it is important not to think that these rules must always be followed.  It's much more important (and enjoyable) to experiment and be creative.  So, keeping this in mind, here are some points to consider for improving your photographic compositions and making your photo stand out from the crowd.

Unique Perspective: To make your photo stand out from all the others, try taking the photo from an unusual or unique perspective.  Rather than just taking an ordinary snapshot, why not try a totally different camera angle or position?   Experiment with different focal lengths – close in and wide, or maybe just a slice of a scene by zooming in with a telephoto.  What's the worst that could happen (other than falling into icy water)?

Rule of Thirds: On an old 4×6 print draw two equally spaced horizontal lines and two equally spaced vertical lines as if drawing a tic-tac-toe game.  The points where the lines cross show where your center of interest is best placed.  Imagine these tic-tac-toe lines in your viewfinder (or LCD screen) when composing a picture. Placing the subject in one of the locations where the lines cross will generally give a pleasing composition.  A subject placed in the center of your scene is usually least pleasing.

For more examples of Rule of Thirds visit Don's Community Album:
 

Subject Movement: If your subject implies movement, such as a person walking or a bird flying, place the subject near the 1/3 point facing (moving) into the center of the composition. A subject that appears to be moving into a scene is usually more appealing than one that is about to leave the composition.

Horizon Placement: Ask yourself what is the most important part of this scene. If there is an amazing sky full of interest, place the horizon low in the image to emphasize the sky.  If the sky is uninteresting or has little to do with your subject, place the horizon high to emphasize the foreground. A horizon at the 1/3 point is usually pleasing, but very low or very high horizons in the frame can be quite dramatic.  A horizon in the center is usually the least pleasing.  Consider taking photos that have no horizon by eliminating any sky in the photo. This is especially useful if the sky is a dreary white with overcast conditions.



Level Horizons: Use a bubble level mounted in the camera hot shoe to assure the horizon is level in the composition.  Dynamic compositions can be achieved by purposely tipping the horizon, however slightly tipped horizons are normally very distracting.  Tipped horizons can easily be straightened after the fact by using Adobe Photoshop, but it's always better to get it right when you take the photo.

Use of Lines: Most compositions will include obvious, or sometimes subtle, lines that will be interpreted in certain ways by a viewer. Learn to analyze your composition in terms of its abstract qualities, paying attention to the interplay of lines, forms and shapes. One trick is to de-focus your composition using manual focus. Once all the detail is blurred out it is easier to view the scene in terms of lines and shapes.  Lines that lead the viewer's eye to the center of interest are referred to as "leading lines" and are an important element of composition.  A good example would be a trail or path that invites the viewer to step into your photo.
 
 

Converging lines indicate depth or distance

Curved lines are soothing to the eye – especially "S" curves.

Diagonal lines are associated with tension or instability.
Horizontal lines are restful to the eye.
Vertical lines are associated with power.

 
Repeating Patterns:  Just like a good repetitive beat in a song, a regular repetition of shapes or colors is pleasing to the eye.  Try filling the frame with a repeating design.  Use sidelight or backlight to emphasize textural patterns.
 Simplicity: Less is more. A simple uncluttered image is often the most powerful.  Look through the view finder and ask yourself: "What is my subject?"  "What attracted my eye to this scene?" "What parts of this scene do not contribute to the subject?"  Once you give a thoughtful answer to these questions, then work to eliminate elements of the photo that clutter your composition or detract from the subject. This means paying special attention to the background – carefully looking at all corners of your composition to spot distractions.  Small changes in camera position can shift a distracting element out of your composition. Try to make your composition solely about the subject that drew your attention.  Let color and form dominate your compositions – move in close.

Avoid Hot Spots:  Our eyes are always drawn to the brightest part of a photo (or the most vivid color). Avoid including anything in the background that is brighter than your main subject.  Any "hot spots" in the background will be a distraction.  Try shifting your camera position or angle to eliminate distracting bright areas.  

Selective Focus: Try including out-of-focus elements in your composition either in front of and/or behind your main subject.  Totally blurred rather than slightly out-of-focus areas are better for drawing attention to a sharply focused subject. Intentionally blurring a background greatly simplifies the image by eliminating unwanted clutter.  A telephoto lens will work best for selective focus.

    

 
Depth of Field: Try using a shallow depth of field to separate your subject from the background.  A telephoto lens is useful for this purpose. 

Vertical or Horizontal: Horizontally framed images are associated with serenity and peacefulness. Vertical images are usually associated with forcefulness or power. Experiment with both formats when deciding on a composition.

Odd Numbers:  Compositions containing an odd number of subjects are generally more pleasing to the eye. Try framing three or five items (e.g. flowers) rather than two or four.  

Foregrounds:  Landscape images can often be improved with the addition of an interesting foreground object.  Try using a wide angle lens positioned low and close for a big bold foreground and a small distant background. The foreground then becomes the main subject.

Framing: Try creating a "frame" for your main subject by shooting through an opening of some sort.  Tree limbs arching over your subject can make an effective frame.  Also consider man-made objects as frames, such as gateways, doorways or windows. 

Use of Negative Space:  It is normally desirable to avoid large blank areas in your composition.  However, a featureless area (negative space) is useful for published photos that include text over the image.  Think of your photo on the cover of a magazine with the magazine name printed across the sky.

Creativity is the Key:  Understanding and following compositional "rules" will help you make successful images, but really great photos are a product of creativity and a willingness to go the extra mile.  Look at your subject from new and different perspectives. Never say done – there is always one more way to compose the image. Don't let the "rules" of composition keep you from being creative or experimenting with unconventional methods. Express yourself. That's were you will find the joy of photography. With imagination you can transform ordinary objects into extraordinary images. 

 

On June 19-20th, Don Paulson will be conducting a photo workshop on Macro and Garden Photography in Seabeck, Washington. For more information about this and upcoming workshops, please visit his website.

 

Be sure not to miss Don's latest series of beautiful Macro and Garden images in the community!

 




(¨`·.·´¨) Always
`·.¸(¨`·.·´¨)
Keep
(¨`·.·´¨)¸.·´
Smiling! 
`·.¸.·´



Saturday, May 16, 2009

Actions are important !!!!


Wednesday, May 13, 2009

The Desire

The Desire

 


 

An emperor was coming out of his palace for his morning walk when he met a beggar. He asked the beggar, "What do you want?"The beggar laughed and said, "You are asking me as though you can fulfill my desire!"

The king was offended. He said, "Of course I can fulfill your desire. What is it? Just tell me."

And the beggar said, "Think twice before you promise anything."

The beggar was no ordinary beggar, he was the emporers past life master. He had promised in that life, "I will come and try to wake you in your next life. This life you have missed but I will come again." But the king had forgotten completely -- who remembers past lives? So he insisted, "I will fulfill anything you ask. I am a very powerful emperor, what can you possibly desire that I can not give to you?"

The beggar said, "It is a very simple desire. You see this begging bowl? Can you fill it with something?"

The emperor said, "Of course!" He called one of his viziers and told him, "Fill this mans begging bowl with money." The vizier went and got some money and  poured it into the bowl, and it disappeared. And he poured more and more, and the moment he would pour it, it would disappear. And the beggging bowl remained always empty.

The whole palace gathered. By and by the rumor went throughout the whole capital, and a huge crowd gathered. The prestige of the emperor was at stake.

He said to his viziers, "If the whole kingdom is lost, I am ready to lose it, but I cannot be defeated by this beggar."

Diamons and pearls and emeralds, his treasuries were becoming empty.The begging bowl seemed to be bottomless. Everything that was put into it --everything! --immediately disappeared, went out of existence. Finally it was the evening, and the people were standing there in utter silence. The king dropped at the fet of the beggar and admitted his defeat. he said, "Just tell me one thing. You are victorious - but before you leave, just fulfill my curiousity. What is the beging bowl made of?"

The beggar laughed and said, "It is made up of the human mind. There is no secret. It is simple made up of human desire."

This understanding transforms life. Go into one desire -- what is the mechanism of it? First there is a great excitement, great thrill, adventure. you feel a great kick. Somehting is going to happen, you are on the verge of it. And then you have the car, you have the yacht, you have the house, you have the woman, and suddenly all is meaningless again.

What happens? Your mind has dematerialised it. The car is standing in the drive, but there is no excitement anymore. The excitement was only in getting it. You became so drunk with the desire that you forgot your inner nothingness. Now the desire is fulfilled, the car in the drive, the woman in your bed, the money in your bank account - again excitement disappears. Again the emptiness is there, ready to eat you up. Again you have to create another desire to escape this yawning abyss.

******

That's how one moves from one desire to another desire. That's how one remains a beggar. Your whole life proves it again and again -- every desire frustrates. And when the goal is achieved, you will need another desire.The day you understand that desire as such is going to fail comes the turning point in your life.The other journey is inwards. move inwards, come back home.

****** 



Why Indians are re born



Story why only Indians are re-born.
 
The angel Gabriel came to the Lord and said 'I have to talk to you. We have some Indians up here in heaven and they are causing too many problems. They're swinging on the pearly gatesmy horn is missing,they are wearing Dolce and Gabana saris instead of their white robes, they are riding Mercedes and BMW's instead of the chariots, and they're selling their halos to people for discounted prices. They refuse to keep the stairway to Heaven clear, since they keep crouching down midway eating samosas and drinking chai (tea).. Some of them are even walking around with just one wing!'
 
The Lord said, 'Indians are Indians. Heaven is home to all my children. If you want to know about real problems, give Satan a call.
 
Satan answered the phone, 'Hello? Damn, hold on a minute.' Satan returned to the phone, 'OK I'm back. What can I do for you?
 
Gabriel replied, 'I just wanted to know what kind of problems you're having down there.'
 
Satan says, 'Hold on again. I need to check on something.'
 
After about 5 minutes Satan returns to the phone and said, 'I'm back. Now what was the question?
 
Gabriel said, 'What kind of problems are you having down there?
 
Satan says, 'Man I don't believe this ... Hold on. This time Satan was gone at least 15 minutes. He returned and said, "I'm sorry Gabriel, I can't talk right now... These Indians are trying to install air conditioning and making hell a comfortable place to live in by putting out the fire...fire is there to keep them uncomfortably hot!! Since they are so tech savvy, they were trying to start a telephone connection between heaven and hell...I am having such a hard time controlling and dealing with them!
 
Some were trying to start a chai - pakora shop, which I had to stop...I am requesting Lord to send them back on earth as soon as they arrive as re-birth"
 
Indians will be Indians...
 
So this is the story why Indians are re-born!!!!!

Thursday, May 7, 2009

The Desire

The Desire

 


 

An emperor was coming out of his palace for his morning walk when he met a beggar. He asked the beggar, "What do you want?"The beggar laughed and said, "You are asking me as though you can fulfill my desire!"

The king was offended. He said, "Of course I can fulfill your desire. What is it? Just tell me."

And the beggar said, "Think twice before you promise anything."

The beggar was no ordinary beggar, he was the emporers past life master. He had promised in that life, "I will come and try to wake you in your next life. This life you have missed but I will come again." But the king had forgotten completely -- who remembers past lives? So he insisted, "I will fulfill anything you ask. I am a very powerful emperor, what can you possibly desire that I can not give to you?"

The beggar said, "It is a very simple desire. You see this begging bowl? Can you fill it with something?"

The emperor said, "Of course!" He called one of his viziers and told him, "Fill this mans begging bowl with money." The vizier went and got some money and  poured it into the bowl, and it disappeared. And he poured more and more, and the moment he would pour it, it would disappear. And the beggging bowl remained always empty.

The whole palace gathered. By and by the rumor went throughout the whole capital, and a huge crowd gathered. The prestige of the emperor was at stake.

He said to his viziers, "If the whole kingdom is lost, I am ready to lose it, but I cannot be defeated by this beggar."

Diamons and pearls and emeralds, his treasuries were becoming empty.The begging bowl seemed to be bottomless. Everything that was put into it --everything! --immediately disappeared, went out of existence. Finally it was the evening, and the people were standing there in utter silence. The king dropped at the fet of the beggar and admitted his defeat. he said, "Just tell me one thing. You are victorious - but before you leave, just fulfill my curiousity. What is the beging bowl made of?"

The beggar laughed and said, "It is made up of the human mind. There is no secret. It is simple made up of human desire."

This understanding transforms life. Go into one desire -- what is the mechanism of it? First there is a great excitement, great thrill, adventure. you feel a great kick. Somehting is going to happen, you are on the verge of it. And then you have the car, you have the yacht, you have the house, you have the woman, and suddenly all is meaningless again.

What happens? Your mind has dematerialised it. The car is standing in the drive, but there is no excitement anymore. The excitement was only in getting it. You became so drunk with the desire that you forgot your inner nothingness. Now the desire is fulfilled, the car in the drive, the woman in your bed, the money in your bank account - again excitement disappears. Again the emptiness is there, ready to eat you up. Again you have to create another desire to escape this yawning abyss.

******

That's how one moves from one desire to another desire. That's how one remains a beggar. Your whole life proves it again and again -- every desire frustrates. And when the goal is achieved, you will need another desire.The day you understand that desire as such is going to fail comes the turning point in your life.The other journey is inwards. move inwards, come back home.

****** 



Friday, May 1, 2009

Cure for headache... worth a try


No harm in trying when you have headache or when you feel tired.......
 


The nose has a left and a right side; we use both to inhale and exhale.

Actually they are different. You would be able to feel the difference.

The right side represents the sun, left side represents the moon.

During a headache, try to close your right nostril and use your left nostril to breathe for 5 mins.  In about 5 minutes, your headache will be gone.

If you feel tired, just reverse the action, close your left nostril and breathe through your right nostril.  After a while, you will feel your mind is refreshed.

Right side belongs to 'hot', so it gets heated up easily, left side belongs to 'cold'.

Do you notice the moment we wake up, if the left side is faster, you will feel tired.

So, close your left nostril and use your right nostril for breathing, you will get refreshed quickly.

This can be taught to kids, but it is more effective when practiced by adults.

Continued the exercise for one month/regularly and you may never need to take painkillers




(¨`·.·´¨) Always
`·.¸(¨`·.·´¨)
Keep
(¨`·.·´¨)¸.·´
Smiling! 
`·.¸.·´